Shamhat from the Epic of Gilgamesh introducing Enkidu to beer. Public Doman.

Episode 9b: Beer in Mesopotamia

Join Emily, Meredith, and Frank as they discuss the role of beer in ancient Mesopotamia, including its origins as a woman-dominated industry, the Epic of Gilgamesh, and the Code of Hammurabi.

Links and Additional Content:

Beer in the Ancient World via the Ancient History Encyclopedia, including this section from the Code of Hammurabi quoted in this episode:

If a tavern-keeper (feminine) does not accept corn according to gross weight in payment of drink, but takes money, and the price of the drink is less than that of the corn, she shall be convicted and thrown into the water.

If conspirators meet in the house of a tavern-keeper, and these conspirators are not captured and delivered to the court, the tavern-keeper shall be put to death.

If a “sister of a god” open a tavern, or enter a tavern to drink, then shall this woman be burned to death.


History of Beer by Fjordman

History of Beer – Where Does Beer Come From? via History for Kids